Human Rights, Constitutional Politics and Religious Diversity
This thematic research group at the Lichtenberg-Kolleg (2015-17) is designed to strengthen interdisciplinary cooperation on the role of human rights and modern constitutionalism for regulating religious diversity in contemporary societies. It brings together sociologists, political scientists, legal scholars and experts in modern Islam who are working on fundamental rights, their global diffusion and their complex relationship with religious traditions. The research theme, while responding to pressing political questions in many parts of the world, bears on foundational questions addressed by all participating disciplines and helps foster collaboration in the areas of socio-legal and religious studies on Göttingen Campus.
Göttingen based scholars will cooperate with junior researchers and senior visiting fellows in the following three thematic areas:
- (a) Secularism and constitutional reforms. Comparative research in this area will focus on explaining the politics of constitutional reform in selected European, Middle Eastern and South Asian states, focusing on secular-religious cleavages and status negotiations between religious majorities and minorities.
- (b) Claiming religious rights in courts. Comparative research in this area will focus on core judicial institutions, notably international human rights courts and constitutional courts, and their emerging case-law responding to claims for recognizing individual and collective religious rights.
- (c) Transnational religious movements and legal transformations. Research in this area will scrutinize historical and contemporary examples of transnational Christian and Islamic movements which mobilize to change both international and national legal regimes through political lobbying, constitutional agenda-setting or strategic litigation.
Together, these three areas of research which all adopt a thoroughly transregional and transcultural perspective will help understand how contemporary governance of religious diversity unfolds at the intersection of human rights, constitutional law and historically entrenched relations of state, nationhood and religion.